Belgium has participated in the North Vision Song Contest 11 times since making its debut as one of the forty-four countries at the first edition of the contest. Belgium have been absent only two times in total in the ninth edition due to poor results of the previous edition and eleventh edition due to some economic issues. Belgium has won the contest having the best result in the seventeenth edition with Selah Sue and the song "Fear Nothing" getting into the top 3 with 202 points.
Although Belgium has two national broadcasters Flemish broadcaster Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep (VRT) and Walloon broadcaster Radio télévision belge de la communauté française (RTBF), only VRT decides for the participations of Belgium. The Flemish broadcaster VRT hosts the Belgian national final Eurosong.