Belgium has participated in the North Vision Song Contest 29 times since making its debut as one of the forty-four countries at the first edition of the contest. Belgium has been absent four times in total and has won the contest once in the North Vision Song Contest 17 with Selah Sue and the song "Fear Nothing", with an amount of 202 points. Belgium has moreover finished in the top ten in four of its other appearances in the contest, with Loïc Nottet placing second, Natalia and Joane finishing third and Mustii ending up on the fourth place.
Although Belgium has two national broadcasters Flemish broadcaster Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep (VRT) and Walloon broadcaster Radio télévision belge de la communauté française (RTBF), only VRT took decisions regarding the Belgian participation up to the thirtieth edition. Since the thirty-first edition, both broadcasters take it in turns to be in charge of the nation’s participation.